New & Emerging Technologies

New and Emerging Technologies

Green Hydrogen

Green hydrogen shall mean hydrogen produced using renewable energy, including, but not limited to, production through electrolysis or conversion of biomass. Renewable energy also includes such electricity generated from renewable sources which is stored in an energy storage system or banked with the grid in accordance with applicable regulations.

For Green Hydrogen produced through electrolysis ­ The non-biogenic greenhouse gas emissions arising from water treatment, electrolysis, gas purification and drying and compression of hydrogen shall not be greater than 2 kilogram of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilogram of Hydrogen (kg CO2-eq/kg Hydrogen), taken as an average over last 12-month period.

For Green Hydrogen produced through conversion of biomass – The non-biogenic greenhouse gas emissions arising from biomass processing, heat/steam generation, conversion of biomass to hydrogen, gas purification and drying and compression of hydrogen shall not be greater than 2 kilogram of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilogram of Hydrogen (kg CO2-eq /kg Hydrogen) taken as an average over last 12-month period.

Fuel Cell

Fuel cells work like batteries, but they do not run down or need recharging. They produce electricity and heat as long as fuel is supplied. Fuel cells are the most energy efficient devices for extracting power from fuels. Capable of running on a variety of fuels, including hydrogen, natural gas, and biogas, fuel cells can provide clean power for applications ranging from less than a watt to multiple megawatts. A fuel cell consists of two electrodes, a negative electrode (or anode) and a positive electrode (or cathode), sandwiched around an electrolyte. 

Fuel cells can be used in a wide range of applications, including transportation, material handling and stationary, portable, and emergency backup power. Stationary fuel cells can be used for backup power, power for remote locations, distributed power generation, and cogeneration (in which excess heat released during electricity generation is used for other applications). Fuel cells can power almost any portable application that typically uses batteries, from hand-held devices to portable generators. 

Fuel cells directly convert the chemical energy in hydrogen to electricity, with pure water and potentially useful heat as the only by-products. Hydrogen-powered fuel cells are not only pollution-free, but also can have more than two times the efficiency of traditional combustion technologies.  

Fuel cell vehicles, which use electric motors, are much more energy efficient. The fuel cell system can use 60% of the fuel's energy, corresponding to more than a 50% reduction in fuel consumption compared to a conventional vehicle with a gasoline internal combustion engine. 

The benefits of fuel cells are

  • Reduced greenhouse gas emissions. 
  • High Reliability. 
  • Flexibility in installation and operation. 
  • Development of renewable energy resources. 
  • Reduced demand for foreign oil. 
  • Improved environmental quality. 

Battery Powered Vehicles



The important issues of concern today are environmental pollution and energy conservation. In India, these issues are more significant, in view of the alarming rise in pollution levels due to automobiles in the metropolis and the need to conserve fast depleting oil resources. The need for use of Electric Vehicles (EV) has been well recognised. A significant step in this direction has been the introduction of Battery Operated Vehicles (Electric Vehicles), which are pollution free, eco-friendly with zero emission. Unlike the conventional cars that use petroleum fuels to power internal combustion engines, the electric car is run by a direct current electric motor powered by a rechargeable battery pack. Electric vehicles are used today in sizeable numbers for specialised applications, viz., industrial, recreational, road transports.

Objective of the Scheme

To promote, support, accelerate the development and rapid commercialisation of Battery Powered Vehicles, as an alternative to petrol/diesel operated vehicles, by providing financial and technical assistance to the prospective developers.

Socio-Economic and Environmental Benefits

The running of Battery Powered Vehicle is not only pollution free but eco-friendly too and yields benefits such as

  • Electric vehicles are more efficient than gasoline vehicles.
  • Pollution free, as no unpleasant smell or toxic gas is emitted.
  • Easy manoeuvrability and excellent driving comfort.
  • Greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide) emissions associated with electric vehicles are low.
  • Highly reliable.
  • Reduces dependence on imported petroleum fuels.
  • No noise pollution.
  • Maintenance cost are low and life time operating costs are comparable with gasolinevehicles.
Incentives available in the sector

May please refer to IREDA Financing Guidelines available.
Further, the details related of Government support/incentives/policy if any, may be obtained from MNRE website.

List of officers Name in sector- New & Emerging Technologies
Sl. No. Name Designation Email Id Mobile No.
1 Poorva Mathur Senior Manager sharmapoorva[at]ireda[dot]in 9958435566
3 Om Prakash Manager omprakash[at]ireda[dot]in 9650595664
4 Sanchit Singhal Manager sanchitsinghal[at]ireda[dot]in 8806012674
5 Pradeep Deswal Manager pradeepdeswal[at]ireda[dot]in 9873627789
Last Updated on 29/09/2023